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A series of recent studies have shown the centrality of social media bots to the spread of “low credibility” information online. Automated amplification, the process by which bots help share each other’s content, allows these algorithmic manipulators to spread false information across social media in seconds by increasing visibility. These findings, combined with the already rising public perception of social media as harmful to democracy, are likely to motivate some Congressional action regarding social media practices. In a divided Congress, samsung a40 coque motif one thing that seems to be drawing more bipartisan support is an antagonism to Big Tech.
Regulating social media to stop misinformation would mistake the symptoms of an illness for its cause. coque telephone samsung a5 2017 the joker Bots spreading low quality content online is not a cause for declining social trust, but a result of it. Actions that explicitly restrict access to this type of information would likely result in the opposite of their intended effect; allowing people to believe more radical conspiracies and claim that the truth is censored.
A parallel for the prevalence of bots spreading information today is the high rates of media piracy that lasted from the late 1990s through the mid 2000s, but experienced a significant decline throughout this past decade (many of the claims by anti piracy advocates of consistently rising US piracy fail to acknowledge the rise in file sizes of high quality downloads coque personnalisees huawei and the expansion of internet access, as a relative total of content consumption it was historically declining). Content piracy and automated amplification by bots share a relationship through their fulfillment of consumer demand. Just as nobody would pirate videos if there were not some added value over legal video access, bots would not be able to generate legitimate engagement solely by gaming algorithms. There exists a gap in the market to serve consumers the type of content that they desire in a convenient, easy to access form.
This fulfilment of market demand is what changed consumer interest in piracy, and it is what is needed to change interest in “low credibility” content. In the early days of the MP3 file format the music industry strongly resisted changing their business models, which led to the proliferation of file sharing sites like Napster. While lawsuits may have shut down individual file sharing sites, they did not alter coque solide samsung a50 the demand for pirated content, coque samsung galaxy a6 kawaii and piracy persisted. The music industry’s begrudging adoption of iTunes began to change these incentives, but pirated music streaming persisted. It was with legal streaming services like Spotify that piracy began to decline as consumers began to receive what they asked for from legitimate sources: convenience and cheap access to content. It is important to note that pirating in the early days was not convenient, malware and slow download speeds made it a cumbersome affair, but given the laggard nature of media industry incumbents, consumers sought it out nonetheless.
The type of content considered “low credibility” today, similarly, is not convenient, as clickbait and horrible formatting intentionally make such sites painful to use in order to maximize advertising dollars extracted. The fact that consumers still seek these sites out regardless is a testament to the failure of the news industry to cater to consumer demands.
To reduce the efficacy of bots in sharing content, innovation is needed in content production or distribution to ensure convenience, low cost, and subjective user trust. This innovation may come from the social media side through experimentation with subscription services less dependent on advertising revenue. It may come from news media, either through changes in how they cater content to consumers, or through changes in reporting styles to increase engagement. It may even come through a social transformation in how news is consumed. Some thinkers believe that we are entering a reputation age, which would shift the burden of trust from a publication to individual reporters who curate our content. These changes, however, would be hampered by some of the proposed means to curtail bots on social media.
The most prominent proposals to regulate social media regards applying traditional coque samsung a8 2018 dur publisher standards to online platforms through the repeal of Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which in turn would make platforms liable for the content users post. While this would certainly incentivize coque rose coque huawei p9 samsung galaxy a5 2017 more aggressive action against online bots as coque naruto samsung galaxy s9 well as a wide amount of borderline content the compliance costs would be tremendous given the coque autres huawei scale at which social media sites need to moderate content. This in turn would price out the innovators who would not be able to stomach the risks of having fewer bots than Twitter or Facebook, but still have some prevalent. Other proposals, such as the Californian ban on bots pretending to be human, reviving the Fairness Doctrine for online content, or antitrust action, range from unenforceable to counterproductive. While piracy as a problem may not coque samsung a50 wwe have disappeared, it is clear that regulatory efforts to crack it down contributed little, since the demand for pirated content did not stem purely from the medium of its transmission. Bots do not proliferate because of social media, but because of declining social trust. Rebuilding that trust requires building the new, not constraining the old.
I suppose it was inevitable that the DRM wars would come to the world of drones. capital, company spokesman Michael Perry said.
Washington Post reporter Brian Fung explains what this means technologically:
The [DJI firmware] update will add a list of GPS coordinatesto the drone computer telling it where it can and can go. Here how that system works generally: When a drone comes within five miles ofan airport, Perry explained, an altitude restriction getsapplied to the drone so that it doesn interfere with manned aircraft. Within 1.5 miles, the drone will be automatically grounded and won be able to fly at all, requiring the user to either pull away from the no fly zone or personally retrieve the device from where it landed. The concept coque samsung a10 spider man of triggering certain actions when reaching a specific geographic area iscalled and it a common technology in smartphones. Since 2011, iPhone owners have been able to createreminders thatalert them when they arrive atspecific locations, such asthe office.
This is complete overkill and it almost certainly will not work in practice. First, this is just DRM for drones, and just as DRM has failed in most other cases, it will fail here as well. If you sell somebody a drone that doesn’t work within a 15 mile radius of a major metropolitan area, they’ll be online minutes later looking for a hack to get it working properly. And you better believe they will find one. Continue reading
Although SOPA was ignominiously defeated in 2012, the content industry never really gave up on the basic idea of breaking the Internet in order to combat content piracy. The industry now claims that a major cause of piracy is search engines returning results that direct users to pirated content. To combat this, they would like to regulate search engine results to prevent them from linking to sites that contain pirated music and movies.
This idea is problematic on many levels. First, there is very little evidence that content piracy is a serious concern in objective economic terms. Most content pirates would not, but for the availability of pirated content, empty their wallets to incentivize the creation of more movies and music. coque samsung a20e batman As Ian Robinson and I explain in our recent paper, industry estimates of the jobs created by intellectual property are absurd. Second, there are serious free speech implications associated with regulating search engine results. Search engines perform an information distribution role similar to that of newspapers, and they have an editorial voice. They deserve protection from censorship as long as they are not hosting the pirated material themselves. Third, as anyone who knows anything about the Internet knows, nobody uses the major search engines to look for pirated content. The serious pirates go straight to sites that specialize in piracy. Fourth, this is all part of a desperate attempt by the content industry to avoid modernizing and offering more of their content online through convenient packages such as Netflix.
As if these were not sufficient reason to reject the idea of “SOPA for Search Engines,” Google has now coque samsung s10 papillon announced that they will be directing users to legitimate digital content if it is available on Netflix, Amazon, Google Play, Spotify, or other online services. The content industry now has no excuse if they make their music and movies available in convenient form, coque samsung a6 10 1 users will see links to legitimate content even if they search for pirated versions.
Google also says they will be using DMCA takedown notices as an input into search rankings and autocomplete suggestions, demoting sites and terms that are associated with piracy. This is above and beyond what Google needs to do, and in fact raises some concerns about fraudulent DMCA takedown notices that could chill free expression such as when CBS issued a takedown of John McCain’s coque samsung a10 joker campaign ad on YouTube even though it was likely legal under fair use. Google will have to carefully monitor the DMCA takedown process for abuse. But in any case, these moves by Google should once and for all put the nail in the coffin of the idea that we should compromise the integrity of search results through government regulation for the sake of fighting a piracy problem that is not that samsung a40 coque couleur serious in the first place.
Earlier this week NTIA petitioned the FCC to adopt a rule requiring wireless carriers to unlock the cell phones of customers and former customers who request it, and today the New York Times
As leathlux coque samsung galaxy a20e I explained before, the cell phone unlocking issue is just one symptom coque personnalisees samsung of a greater problem, namely that it is illegal for you or any third party you contract to unlock content that you own. This affects not just phones, but also e readers, music and video players, and even garage door openers and printer cartridges in the view of some. phone unlocking, despite what the name might lead you to think, is not a telecom issue; it a DMCA issue. You can see this if you think about all the restrictions that remain in place even if the FCC were to adopt the NTIA proposed rule. coque huawei p10 For example, the rule forces carriers to unlock your phone at your request, but it would still be illegal for you to unlock your own phone, or to have a third party (such as a competing carrier that wants samsung a8 coque rabat your business) unlock your phone.
Bottom line: It really strange to solve a problem created by Section 1201 of the DMCA by turning to the FCC to force carriers to give up their rights under the DMCA. Indeed, it removes a contractual possibility from the market because under the rule a carrier could no longer contract with a consumer to keep the phone unlocked for the duration of the contract. That an option that should be available to carriers and consumers. Any fix to this DMCA created problem must leave the freedom to contract alone. The better way to address cell phone unlocking is to have the FCC stay out of what is an issue that Congress needs to address. Rep. Lofgren Unlocking Technology Act, for example, does just that. These voluntary agreements will be the subject of a hearing this afternoon (9/18) before the House Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet. In addition to antitrust concerns, Flaim worries that appropriate cost benefit analysis has not been applied to this private regulation system, and, ultimately, that private companies are being granted a government like power to punish individuals for breaking the law…